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by Leo Tolstoy

  • ISBN: 1110633211
  • Author: Leo Tolstoy
  • ePub ver: 1811 kb
  • Fb2 ver: 1811 kb
  • Rating: 4.3 of 5
  • Language: English
  • Pages: 280
  • Publisher: BiblioLife (June 4, 2009)
  • Formats: rtf mbr txt mobi
  • Category: Fiction
  • Subcategory: Essays & Correspondence
epub What is Art? download

Tolstoy is passionate about art and art's place within human experience.

Tolstoy is passionate about art and art's place within human experience. For many years, he tells us, he has been observing art and reading about art. And what he sees and reads is not pretty. Further on in his work, Tolstoy gives us an example of a young art gallery-goer being baffled at the painting of the various modern schools of art, impressionism, post-impressionism and the like.

Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (/ˈtoʊlstɔɪ, ˈtɒl-/; Russian: Лев Николаевич Толстой, tr. Lev Nikoláyevich Tolstóy; (listen); 9 September 1828 – 20 November 1910), usually referred to . . Lev Nikoláyevich Tolstóy; (listen); 9 September 1828 – 20 November 1910), usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer who is regarded as one of the greatest authors of all time

These culminated in What is Art?, published in 1898.

These culminated in What is Art?, published in 1898. Although Tolstoy perceived the question of art to be a religious one, he considered During the decades of his world fame as sage & preacher as well as author of War & Peace & Anna Karenina, Tolstoy wrote prolifically in a series of essays & polemics on issues of morality, social justice & religion. These culminated in What is Art?, published in 1898.

13 quotes from What Is Art?: ‘The business of art lies just in this, - to make that understood and felt which, in the form of an argument, might be inco. See a Problem? We’d love your help. Details (if other): Cancel. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Not the book you’re looking for?

Leo Tolstoy,one of the giants of Russian literature, has oft been labelled one of the .

Leo Tolstoy,one of the giants of Russian literature, has oft been labelled one of the greatest novelists of all time. Here, we explore the ten best books from his extensive canon. Tolstoy’s first self-proclaimed novel, Anna Karenina, tells the story of the eponymous Russian society woman who, initially trapped by societal conventions, dares to leave her loveless marriage for an illicit love and meets with tragic consequences. Evaluating the role music, art, love and lust play in society, and the complex and multifaceted relationship between the sexes, this illuminating critique should not be missed. The Death of Ivan Ilyich (1886).

Count Leo Tolstoy was born on September 9, 1828, in Yasnaya Polyana, Russia. Their translation of The Brothers Karamazov won the 1991 h Club Translation Prize. They are married and live in Paris, France. Orphaned at nine, he was brought up by an elderly aunt and educated by French tutors until he matriculated at Kazan University in 1844. In 1847, he gave up his studies and, after several aimless years, volunteered for military duty in the army, serving as a junior officer in the Crimean War before retiring in 1857. In 1862, Tolstoy married Sophie Behrs, a marriage that was to become, for him, bitterly unhappy.

In his younger years, Leo Tolstoy read and tried to follow Benjamin Franklin’s 13 virtues . Tolstoy included in his works his translations of American authors.

In his younger years, Leo Tolstoy read and tried to follow Benjamin Franklin’s 13 virtues, a list of good traits to practice every day. It struck a chord with Tolstoy, who struggled with carnal desires. He translated and published Henry Thoreau’s essay, Civil Disobedience, which resonated with Tolstoy’s thoughts on resistance against an unjust state.

This is a list of works by Russian writer Leo Tolstoy (1828–1910), including his novels, novellas, short stories, plays and non-fiction. This literature-related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Childhood (Детство, 1852). Boyhood (Отрочество, 1854). Youth (Юность, 1856). War and Peace (Война и мир, 1869). Anna Karenina (Анна Каренина, 1877). Resurrection (Воскресение, 1899).

Table of Contents Introduction: Leo Tolstoy – Biography What is Art? . Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy or Leo Tolstoy (1828–1910) was a Russian writer who is regarded as one of the greatest authors of all time.

Table of Contents Introduction: Leo Tolstoy – Biography What is Art? Wherein Is Truth In Art? On the Significance of Science and Art Shakespeare and the Drama The Works of Guy De Maupassant A. Stockham'sTokology Amiel's Diary S. T. Seménov's Peasant Stories Stop and Think! . Born to an aristocratic Russian family in 1828, he is best known for the novels War and Peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877) which are often cited as pinnacles of realist fiction. He also wrote plays and numerous philosophical essays.

The Bettmann Archive. Among the book's fictional characters, the reader's attention is first focused on Prince Andrey Bolkonsky, a proud man who has come to despise everything fake, shallow, or merely conventional

The Bettmann Archive. ▪ Russian writer. Among the book's fictional characters, the reader's attention is first focused on Prince Andrey Bolkonsky, a proud man who has come to despise everything fake, shallow, or merely conventional. Recognizing the artifice of high society, he joins the army to achieve glory, which he regards as truly meaningful.

This is a pre-1923 historical reproduction that was curated for quality. Quality assurance was conducted on each of these books in an attempt to remove books with imperfections introduced by the digitization process. Though we have made best efforts - the books may have occasional errors that do not impede the reading experience. We believe this work is culturally important and have elected to bring the book back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide.
Comments (7)

Mora
Bottom Line: Tolstoy's "What is Art" contains an earlier draft and a final extended essay by the author of several of the world's greatest novels. He grapples with the question of what he thinks should be considered as art. Art he believes should not merely be pretty or entertaining. Art must be the original, inspired product of a naturally superior, creative person. It must clearly express the unique emotional message of a person who has experienced a spontaneous, and unique creative moment. This expression must be so created as to be immediately understandable by any person, without that person needing any training to appreciate the artistry behind the expression. In all cases, Art to be art must further the religious beliefs common to the time and place where the artist is inspired. Despite the masterful language and forceful passion of this literary master, I am not convinced by his argument.

As a reading experience, this book is very successful as a display of powerful writing. Tolstoy bears his heart and his point of view. I do not find his argument consistent or consistently convincing. This is great writing, but intended for a limited audience. It not intended as a pleasurable reading. Your experience of this book will vary depending on your need to be in agreement with an author and your ability to appreciate writing even if the conclusions proposed are ones with which you cannot fully agree.
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Much of what Tolstoy writes reads like a garrulous old man complaining about "modern art". Once you realize that he is complaining about the likes of Beethoven, Richard Wagner, all of ballet, every art school and almost every novelist, you begin to realize that every generational change in art has produced the same arguments against trends then occurring in art. Further, Tolstoy is in favor of a communist, religious world such that no one has the chance to live in comfort. Everyone must be directly engaged in the daily struggle to survive and art cannot come from anyone who is not living a life of such struggle. In passing note that Tolstoy had lived the life of a rich, titled, dissipated Russian noble, before promoting a mystic Christian communism.

He has a number of unbending absolutes. Art cannot be created in more than one media. Opera is a combination of poetry and music and therefore cannot be art. Any training in the craftsmanship needed to produce art is destructive of art because it promotes imitation. Imitation is always the opposite of art. All art must be a unique expression.

When Tolstoy speaks to the absolute necessity of art to further religion he is not as absolute. He accepts that religious beliefs change over time and culture. Therefore the artist cannot be expected to be ahead of these changes. But many religions, including modern Christian beliefs are corrupted and depend on imitative and false art. Further, to be art, people from all cultures have to be able to appreciate the intended message of the artist.

Rather than a point for point discussion of all that Tolstoy has written I shall summarize with a few points.
I had bought this book hoping to get ideas about how to better appreciate the work of, in particular the work of a great writer. This book was not written to my purposes. I find enough with which to agree that I cannot dismiss all of what the great man has written. The art to which Tolstoy would have us limit our attention would be simplistic, short, and often maudlin and only from the so called primitive crafts of untrained artisans. There is no respect for the large scale, complex or ambitious person with an inspiration beyond making some simple country dance or fireside story. Many will cheer the end of all forms of artistic pretense or snobbery. Ultimately I think his vision is for a narrow and repetitive world of religiously dominated and controlled, false art.
Gralmeena
I'm surprised that nobody (so far) has commented on the physical aspects of this book, Because the original is so old - written in 1899 after sixteen years of thought-it is now a rare book This then, is printed using a patented Print on Demand technology. It is printed using a robot that turns and photographs each page. Since the book has been re-typeset, page numbers change and there is no index or table of contents. Also, there are a number of typos. However, none of this really matters as far as the actual content of the thought is concerned and the typos are not too distracting.
"What Is Art"is an interesting read with many aspects applicable to today. For example, in discussing the definition of "beauty", Tolstoy observes, "As is always the case, the more cloudy and confused the conception conveyed by a word, with the more aplomb and self-assurance do people use that word, pretending what is understood by it is so simple and clear that it is not worth while even to discuss what it actually means." Along with gems of insights, Tolstoy betrays his own prejudices as he is against nudity ("female nakedness"), even referring to a ballet as a "lewd performance". He dislikes Wagner, all of Beethoven's later works and the whole Impressionist movement - which, of course, was new back then. However, he is also against realism, "When we appraise a work according to its realism, we only show that we are talking, not of a work of art, but of its counterfeit". He also dislikes art schools- but not art education in public schools-, critics, art about art, and the idea of grants to artists. He believed that artists should earn their living in the real world, so as not to lose a connection to regular life. For this, he conveniently overlooks the fact that his inheritance of vast tracts of land worked by peasants enabled him to pursue his own career. He has great hopes for the role of art creating brotherhood among man. "Art should cause violence to be set aside".Tolstoy's main point is that art is real art if the artist was sincere in his feelings about the subject and that viewers were then "infected" with the feeling. "The chief peculiarity of this feeling is that the receiver of a true artistic impression is so united to the artist that he feels as if the work were his own and not some one elses- as if what it expresses were just what he had been longing to express". This brings us to deeper thinking about just what it is that we are trying to convey in works of art. For any artist who likes to think about conveying feeling, I would also recommend a more modern outlook on this subject- Creative Authenticity by Ian Roberts- 16 Principles to Clarify and Deepen your Artistic Vision

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